Diabetic retinopathy is caused by changes in the blood vessels of the retina. These changes can result in blurring of your vision, haemorrhage into your eye, or, if untreated, retinal detachment. Diabetic retinopathy is the most common diabetic eye disease and a leading cause of blindness worldwide.
Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy
In early stages there may be no symptoms, which is why it is important to have regular eye exams. Symptoms, if present, can include:
- Blurred vision
- Sudden loss of vision
- Blotches or spots in vision
Prevent Diabetic Retinopathy
Retinopathy affects 23 per cent of people with type 1 diabetes and 14 per cent of people with type 2 diabetes. To prevent disease progression, people with diabetes should manage their levels of blood glucose (sugar), blood pressure and blood cholesterol. The possibility of eye complications can also be greatly reduced with routine diluted eye examinations. Many problems can be treated with greater success when caught early.
Diabetic Retinopathy at Kins
At Kins Diabetes Speciality Centre, all the diabetes patients undergo complete eye screening, which includes:
- Examination of the anterior portion of the eye by slit lamp.
- Dilatation of the pupils using drops.
- Retinal examination.