Diabetic Foot Care
People with diabetes can develop many different foot problems. Foot problems most often happen when there is nerve damage. This can cause tingling, pain (burning or stinging), or weakness in the foot. It can also cause loss of feeling in the foot. Poor blood flow or changes in the shape of your feet or toes may also cause problems.
Symptoms of Diabetic Foot
There are many symptoms of Diabetic Foot problems. The signs and symptoms of diabetic foot vary, depending on the type of neuropathy and which nerves are affected.
Common Symptoms Include
- Numbness and reduced ability to feel pain.
- A tingling or burning sensation
- Muscle weakness, Sharp pains or cramps.
- Serious foot problems like ulcers, infections, deformities, and bone and joint pain.
- Slow healing wounds
- Frequent Infections
Complications of Diabetic Foot
For people with diabetes below mentioned are the common foot problems that can possibly lead to infection and serious complications, such as amputation. Some of the known complications are as under
- Athlete’s foot
- Fungal infection of nails
- Dry skin
- Foot ulcers
- Ingrown toenails
- Plantar warts
Preventing Diabetic Foot & Diabetic Foot care
Proper foot care can help prevent these common foot problems and/or treat them before they cause serious complications. Here are some tips for good foot care:
- Check your feet and toes daily. Look for any cuts, corns, blisters, bruises, bumps, or infections. You can use a mirror or ask someone else to examine them for you.
- Control your blood sugar levels
- Wash your feet in warm water every day, using a mild soap.Do not soak your feet. Dry your feet well, especially between the toes.
- Check your feet every day for sores, blisters, redness, calluses, or any of the other problems listed above. If you have poor blood flow, it is especially important to do a daily foot check.
- If the skin on your feet is dry, keep it moist by applying lotion after you wash and dry your feet. Do not put lotion between your toes. Your doctor can tell you which type of lotion is best to use.
- Check your toenails once a week. Trim your toenails with a nail clipper straight across.
- Always wear closed-toed shoes or slippers. Do not wear sandals and do not walk barefoot, even around the house.
- Always wear socks or stockings. Wear socks or stockings that fit your feet well and have soft elastic.
- Always check the inside of shoes to make sure that no objects are left inside by mistake.
- Protect your feet from heat and cold. Wear shoes at the beach or on hot pavement. Wear socks at night if your feet get cold.
- If you smoke, stop. Smoking can make blood flow problems worse.